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dc.contributor.authorBozier, J.
dc.contributor.authorChivers, E.K.
dc.contributor.authorChapman, D.G.
dc.contributor.authorLarcombe, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorBastian, N.A.
dc.contributor.authorMasso-Silva, J.A.
dc.contributor.authorByun, M.K.
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald, C.F.
dc.contributor.authorCrotty Alexander, L.E.
dc.contributor.authorWeen, M.P.
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-01T04:47:29Z
dc.date.available2020-08-01T04:47:29Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationBozier, J. and Chivers, E.K. and Chapman, D.G. and Larcombe, A.N. and Bastian, N.A. and Masso-Silva, J.A. and Byun, M.K. et al. 2020. The Evolving Landscape of e-Cigarettes: A Systematic Review of Recent Evidence. Chest. 157 (5): pp. 1362-1390.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/80320
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chest.2019.12.042
dc.description.abstract

© 2020 American College of Chest Physicians Smoking continues to be a burden to economies and health-care systems across the world. One proposed solution to the problem has been e-cigarettes; however, because they are a relatively new product in the market, little is known about their potential health impacts. Furthermore, e-cigarettes continue to evolve at a rapid rate, making it necessary to regularly review and summarize available studies. Although e-cigarettes are marketed as a smoking cessation tool by some manufacturers, the reality is that many nonsmokers, including youth, are using them. This review focuses on two major demographic groups (smokers and nonsmokers) and evaluates the most recent data (early 2017 to mid 2019) regarding the potential health effects of e-cigarettes. We assessed peer-reviewed studies on the health impacts of e-cigarettes, with a particular focus on common questions asked by policy makers, clinicians, and scientists: (1) What are the effects of e-cigarettes compared with air/not smoking?; (2) Is there any direct evidence of harm or benefit to humans?; (3) Is there a risk from secondhand exposure?; (4) What are the risks and/or benefits of e-cigarettes compared with tobacco cigarette use?; (5) Are there risks or benefits to specific populations (eg, people with COPD or asthma, pregnant women [and their offspring])?; (6) What are the effects of flavoring chemicals?; (7) What are the effects of including nicotine in e-liquids?; (8) How often is nicotine concentration labeling incorrect?; and (9) What are the risks when e-cigarettes explode?

dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherELSEVIER
dc.subjectScience & Technology
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subjectCritical Care Medicine
dc.subjectRespiratory System
dc.subjectGeneral & Internal Medicine
dc.subjectcardiopulmonary
dc.subjecte-cigarette
dc.subjecthealth
dc.subjectvaping
dc.subjectELECTRONIC CIGARETTE
dc.subjectNICOTINE CONTENT
dc.subjectSMOKING ABSTINENCE
dc.subjectASTHMATIC SMOKERS
dc.subjectREFILL SOLUTIONS
dc.subjectEXPOSURE
dc.subjectLIQUIDS
dc.subjectTOBACCO
dc.subjectUSERS
dc.subjectEXPLOSION
dc.titleThe Evolving Landscape of e-Cigarettes: A Systematic Review of Recent Evidence
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.volume157
dcterms.source.number5
dcterms.source.startPage1362
dcterms.source.endPage1390
dcterms.source.issn0012-3692
dcterms.source.titleChest
dc.date.updated2020-08-01T04:47:28Z
curtin.departmentSchool of Public Health
curtin.accessStatusIn process
curtin.facultyFaculty of Health Sciences
curtin.contributor.orcidLarcombe, Alexander [0000-0003-4196-4482]
curtin.contributor.researcheridLarcombe, Alexander [A-7704-2011]
dcterms.source.eissn1931-3543
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridLarcombe, Alexander [6508025368]


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