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dc.contributor.authorMinunno, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorO'Grady, T.
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Greg
dc.contributor.authorGruner, R.L.
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-09T11:31:42Z
dc.date.available2022-05-09T11:31:42Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationMinunno, R. and O'Grady, T. and Morrison, G.M. and Gruner, R.L. 2021. Investigating the embodied energy and carbon of buildings: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of life cycle assessments. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 143: ARTN 110935.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/88435
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.rser.2021.110935
dc.description.abstract

Life cycle assessment is a tool to quantify the environmental impact of products and has been widely studied in the building context. This is an important context given the building sector's substantial embodied energy and carbon. Against this backdrop, this study has two main objectives. The first objective is to create a benchmark the environmental impact of buildings. The second objective is to develop a procedural guideline that assists practitioners in decreasing the environmental impact of buildings. To achieve these objectives, a systematic review of the relevant literature was conducted to categorize and summarize relevant studies. A meta-analysis followed to synthesize the life cycle assessment results that emerged from the collected articles. The articles were categorized into two main groups: articles on construction materials and articles on entire buildings. Eight construction materials (i.e., concrete, reinforcement bars, structural steel, timber, tiles, insulation, and plaster) and three building types (i.e., concrete, timber, and steel) were identified, and related embodied energy and carbon were extracted. Subsequently, the data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings from the meta-analysis informed a regression model, which in turn informed a procedural guideline for practitioners who seek to reduce buildings' environmental impact. Further, the findings of this paper shed light on previously equivocal results concerning the impact of construction materials and buildings, but also support previous findings for structural materials, showing, for example, that the use of timber structures results in substantial savings over concrete structures in terms of both embodied energy (43%) and carbon (68%).

dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
dc.subjectScience & Technology
dc.subjectTechnology
dc.subjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology
dc.subjectEnergy & Fuels
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subjectLife cycle assessment
dc.subjectBuildings
dc.subjectEmbodied energy
dc.subjectEmbodied carbon
dc.subjectConstruction material
dc.subjectMeta-analysis
dc.subjectSystematic literature review
dc.subjectGREENHOUSE-GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subjectORDINARY PORTLAND-CEMENT
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subjectRESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
dc.subjectASSESSMENT LCA
dc.subjectINSULATION MATERIALS
dc.subjectRECYCLED AGGREGATE
dc.subjectLAMINATED TIMBER
dc.subjectOFFICE BUILDINGS
dc.subjectCO2 EMISSIONS
dc.titleInvestigating the embodied energy and carbon of buildings: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of life cycle assessments
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.volume143
dcterms.source.issn1364-0321
dcterms.source.titleRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
dc.date.updated2022-05-09T11:31:31Z
curtin.departmentSchool of Molecular and Life Sciences (MLS)
curtin.departmentFaculty of Humanities
curtin.accessStatusIn process
curtin.facultyFaculty of Science and Engineering
curtin.facultyFaculty of Humanities
curtin.contributor.orcidMinunno, Roberto [0000-0002-9546-0637]
curtin.contributor.orcidMorrison, Greg [0000-0002-2101-6525]
curtin.identifier.article-numberARTN 110935
dcterms.source.eissn1879-0690
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridMorrison, Greg [7201786202]


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