Predicting Alcohol Pre-Drinking in Australian Undergraduate Students Using an Integrated Theoretical Model
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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: "Caudwell, K. and Hagger, M. 2015. Predicting Alcohol Pre-Drinking in Australian Undergraduate Students Using an Integrated Theoretical Model. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 7 (2): pp. 188-213.", which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12044. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving at http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms
Background: The aim of the present study was to examine the social-cognitive and motivational factors associated with pre-drinking based on a model integrating motivational constructs from self-determination theory and belief-based constructs from the theory of planned behaviour. Methods: A prospective correlational design was used. Participants (N = 286; 66.4% female) completed self-report measures of past alcohol consumption, autonomous and controlled forms of motivation from self-determination theory, and attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, and behavioural intentions from the theory of planned behaviour at baseline. Participants reported pre-drinking frequency four weeks later. Results: Variance-based structural equation modelling showed that the hypothesised model predicted 54 per cent of the variance in pre-drinking intentions at baseline, and 20 per cent of the variance in pre-drinking behaviour at follow-up. Mediation analyses indicated strong, statistically significant effects of autonomous motivation on intentions to pre-drink, partially mediated by attitudes and subjective norms. Intention and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted pre-drinking frequency. Conclusions: Results provide support for the hypothesised model relationships. Autonomous motivation, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control were influential in forming students' intentions to pre-drink. However, consistent with previous findings, the intention-behaviour relationship was relatively weak. Future research should look to non-intentional and volitional processes that may influence pre-drinking in undergraduates.
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Predicting pre-drinking in Australian undergraduate students: Applying an integrated model of behaviourHagger, Martin; Caudwell, Kim (2015)Introduction and Aims: Pre-drinking (consuming alcohol at a private residence, prior to attending a subsequent event) contributes to excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. The present study examined the ...
Reducing alcohol consumption during pre-drinking sessions: testing an integrated behaviour-change modelCaudwell, K.; Keech, J.; Hamilton, K.; Mullan, B.; Hagger, Martin (2019)Objective: Pre-drinking, the practice of consuming alcohol prior to attending a subsequent event, increases the risk of alcohol-related harm, and is common in undergraduate student populations. The current study tested ...
Combining motivational and volitional approaches to reducing excessive alcohol consumption in pre-drinkers: A theory-based intervention protocolCaudwell, Kim; Mullan, Barbara; Hagger, Martin (2016)Background: Pre-drinking refers to the consumption of alcohol at home or a private residence prior to attending a subsequent social event. We present the study protocol of an online theory-based intervention to reduce ...