Joint Transceiver Optimization for DF Multicasting MIMO Relay Systems with Wireless Information and Power Transfer
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In this article, we investigate a two-hop decode-and-forward (DF) multicasting multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless relay communication system. Different to conventional systems, the radio frequency (RF) energy from the source node is harvested at the relay node and used for forwarding signals to a group of receivers. Considering the structure of the energy harvesting (EH) relay node, we present a power splitting (PS) based protocol and a novel time switching (TS) based protocol by introducing two additional TS factors. For both protocols, we maximize the system mutual information (MI) of the multicasting MIMO relay system by jointly optimizing the source and relay covariance matrices under the constraints of the source energy and the relay harvested energy. In addition, a practical nonlinear EH model is adopted, where the energy harvested by the relay node is bounded as the incident RF signal power increases, and the harvested power is zero when the input power is below the minimum power for harvesting. For the TS based protocol, we also consider peak transmission power constraints at both the source and relay nodes. The performance of the proposed algorithms is verified via numerical simulations. The results demonstrate that the novel TS based protocol achieves a larger MI than the conventional TS protocol. The PS and TS based protocols achieve tradeoffs at different source power levels. In particular, compared with the PS based protocol, the proposed novel TS based protocol can reach a higher system MI when the EH bound is not reached, while the former protocol reaches a higher MI when the EH circuit is saturated. We show that the peak harvested energy constraint plays an important role in selecting the optimal location of the relay node.
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