The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties and Relations with Affective Symptoms in a United States General Community Sample
MetadataShow full item record
Funding and Sponsorship
Background: Difficulties in emotion regulation are a key risk factor for affective disorders. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a 10-item measure of two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. It is widely used tool in the United States, however, most psychometric studies of the ERQ have so far been conducted with college students and some researchers have recently questioned its factorial validity in non-student samples. In this study, we conducted the first confirmatory factor analysis study of the ERQ in a United States general community sample. Method: We examined the ERQ's factor structure, measurement invariance across age, education and gender categories, internal consistency reliability, and concurrent validity with a sample of 508 adults. Results: The intended two-factor model (cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression) was an excellent fit to the data, and this structure was invariant across different age, education, and gender categories. Both ERQ scale scores had good omega and alpha reliabilities, and correlated as expected with depression and anxiety symptoms. Cognitive reappraisal was negatively correlated with these symptoms, whereas expressive suppression was positively correlated with these symptoms. Limitations: We did not include a clinical sample and future psychometric studies of the ERQ in specialised clinical populations would be useful. Conclusions: The ERQ appears to have strong psychometric properties when used with general community members from the United States. ERQ scores can be confidently used and compared across adults of different ages, genders, and educational backgrounds.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Preece, David ; Mehta, A.; Becerra, R.; Chen, Wai ; Allan, A.; Robinson, K.; Boyes, Mark ; Hasking, Penelope ; Gross, J.J. (2022)Background: Ever since alexithymia was defined in the 1970s, robust associations have been observed between alexithymia and a variety of symptoms of psychopathology. Alexithymia is now widely regarded as an important ...
Assessing contemporary parenting dimensions : development and psychometric investigation of the parenting behaviours and dimensions questionnaireReid, Carly Ae Yeong (2012)While a substantial amount of research has been conducted on parenting and its effects on child development, there is a significant lack of agreement over the key dimensions of parenting and the assessment of parenting ...
Validity and Psychometric Properties of the Early Development Instrument in Canada, Australia, United States, and JamaicaJanus, M.; Brinkman, Sally; Duku, E. (2011)Validity and Psychometric Properties of the Early Development Instrument in Canada, Australia, United States, and JamaicaAuthor(s): Janus, M (Janus, Magdalena)1; Brinkman, SA (Brinkman, Sally A.)2,3,4; Duku, EK (Duku, ...