Loneliness and emotion regulation
MetadataShow full item record
Funding and Sponsorship
Loneliness is a risk factor for mental disorders and is a significant and growing public health issue, but to date, loneliness interventions have had limited success. We propose that an emotion regulation perspective might be useful for understanding loneliness and for suggesting new treatment targets. In this study, our aim was to test the basis for this proposal by examining whether individual differences in emotion regulation strategy use can explain significant variance in loneliness, and to establish what profile of strategy use might characterize loneliness. We administered a comprehensive battery of loneliness and emotion regulation questionnaires to 501 adults. In a regression model, emotion regulation strategy use accounted for over half (52.2%) the variance in loneliness. A latent profile analysis revealed four profiles, with the “high loneliness” profile characterized cognitively by greater use of rumination, catastrophising, blame-attribution, and lesser use of cognitive reappraisal type strategies. Behaviorally, loneliness was characterised by greater use of expressive suppression, and regulating emotions by actively rejecting or withdrawing from others. We conclude that individual differences in emotion regulation may play an important role in explaining loneliness, and could therefore represent a promising treatment target.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Emotion profiles of university students engaging in non-suicidal self-injury: Association with functions of self-injury and other mental health concernsChristoforou, R.; Boyes, Mark ; Hasking, Penelope (2021)We investigated emotion profiles among undergraduate students with lived experience of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and their associations with different NSSI functions and other dysregulated behaviors, including risky ...
Individual differences in automatic emotion regulation interact with primed emotion regulation during an anger provocationZhang, J.; Lipp, Ottmar; Hu, P. (2017)The current study investigated the interactive effects of individual differences in automatic emotion regulation (AER) and primed emotion regulation strategy on skin conductance level (SCL) and heart rate during provoked ...
We have so much in common: Does shared variance between emotion-related constructs account for relationships with self-injury?Haywood, Sophie B. ; Hasking, Penelope ; Boyes, Mark (2022)Background: Emotion regulation, distress tolerance, experiential avoidance, and both positive and negative affect have all been linked to NSSI. These constructs are proposed to be distinct; however, they share conceptual ...