Behavior based accident causationthe “2-4” model and its safety implications in coal mines
MetadataShow full item record
The literature demonstrates that nearly 100% of the accidents are caused by the “management loopholes” liability. However the accidents are neither accurately specified by the classical accident causation chain models of Heinrich and others nor by the contemporary causation chain theories. Based on organizational behavior and accident causation theories a new accident causation chain the behaviour based “2-4” model is proposed. In the “2-4” model the accident causation chain consists of two separated levels namely organizational and individual behaviour and two stages as guiding behavior and operational behavior at organizational level and two stages as habitual behavior and act at individual level which respectively covers from root radical indirect to direct reasons of an accident. More specifically they include the organizational safety culture safety management system personal safety knowledge safety consciousness safety habits personal unsafe act and unsafe conditions. When the management loopholes are emphasized as the defects of behavioral control the multiple case study method is adopted to empirically analyze the causes of accidents in Chinese coal mines. The results indicate that the accident causation can be accurately located within one or more stages of the “2-4” model thus the organizations can take active and clear measures to effectively prevent accidents.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Safety citizenship behavior (SCB) in the workplace: A stable construct? Analysis of psychometric invariance across four European countriesCurcuruto, M.; Conchie, S.M.; Griffin, Mark (2019)© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Safety citizenship behaviors (SCBs) are important participative organizational behaviors that emerge in work-groups. SCBs create a work environment that supports individual and team safety, encourages ...
Goh, Yang Miang; Love, Peter; Brown, Helen; Spickett, Jeffery (2012)Production pressure is often cited as an underlying contributory factor of organizational accidents. The relationship, however, between production and safety protection is complex and has not been adequately addressed by ...
Wang, F.; Ding, L.; Love, Peter; Edwards, D. (2016)Accidents remain a pervasive problem in tunnel construction. A major contributor to these accidents is a construction contractor's inability to determine an appropriate trade-off between production and protection goals. ...