Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources
MetadataShow full item record
Background: Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose: Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources. Methods: Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, N = 19; study 2, N = 32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control.Results: Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found. Conclusions: Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers’ self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource.
The final publication is available at link.springer.com
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hagger, Martin; Leaver, E.; Esser, K.; Leung, C.; Te Pas, Nina; Keatley, David; Chan, Derwin; Chatzisarantis, Nikos (2013)Background Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose Adopting a resource depletion model, two ...
Hagger, Martin; Chatzisarantis, N. (2016)Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control ...
Hagger, Martin; Panetta, G.; Leung, C.; Wong, Ging; Wang, J.; Chan, Derwin; Keatley, D.; Chatzisarantis, Nikos (2013)The current research tested the hypothesis that individuals engaged in long-term efforts to limit food intake (e.g., individuals with high eating restraint) would have reduced capacity to regulate eating when self-control ...