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dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin
dc.contributor.authorLeaver, E.
dc.contributor.authorEsser, K.
dc.contributor.authorLeung, C.
dc.contributor.authorTe Pas, N.
dc.contributor.authorKeatley, D.
dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin
dc.contributor.authorChatzisarantis, Nikos
dc.identifier.citationHagger, Martin S. and Leaver, Eamonn and Esser, Kerstin and Leung, Chung-Ming and Te Pas, Nina and Keatley, David A. and Chan, Derwin K.-C. and Chatzisarantis, Nikos L.D. 2013. Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 46 (3): pp. 394-400.

Background: Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose: Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources. Methods: Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, N = 19; study 2, N = 32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control.Results: Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found. Conclusions: Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers’ self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource.

dc.subjectStrength model
dc.subjectSmoking urge
dc.subjectDual-task procedure
dc.titleCue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine

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