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dc.contributor.authorHu, Xun
dc.contributor.authorGunawan, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMourant, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorHasan, M.D Mahmudul
dc.contributor.authorWu, Liping
dc.contributor.authorSong, Yao
dc.contributor.authorLievens, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorLi, Chun-Zhu
dc.identifier.citationHu, X. and Gunawan, R. and Mourant, D. and Hasan, M. and Wu, L. and Song, Y. and Lievens, C. et al. 2017. Upgrading of bio-oil via acid-catalyzed reactions in alcohols - A mini review. Fuel Processing Technology. 155: pp. 2-19.

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. Bio-oil is a condensable liquid produced from the pyrolysis of biomass, which can be upgraded to biofuels. Bio-oil is corrosive as it contains significant amounts of carboxylic acids, creating difficulties in handling of bio-oil and applications of bio-oil. Acid-treatment of bio-oil in alcohols is an upgrading method to transform the carboxylic acids in bio-oil into neutral esters. This study reviewed the recent progress in the research about the acid-catalyzed conversion of bio-oil in alcohols. The various catalytic processes for the acid treatment of bio-oil and the reaction network of some individual components of bio-oil during the upgrading were focused. The interactions among the main components of bio-oil during the acid-treatments were also discussed.

dc.titleUpgrading of bio-oil via acid-catalyzed reactions in alcohols - A mini review
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleFuel Processing Technology
curtin.departmentFuels and Energy Technology Institute
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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