A cognitive-emotional model of NSSI: using emotion regulation and cognitive processes to explain why people self-injure
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Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behaviour, routinely engaged for emotion regulatory purposes. As such, a number of theoretical accounts regarding the aetiology and maintenance of NSSI are grounded in models of emotion regulation; the role that cognition plays in the behaviour is less well known. In this paper, we summarise four models of emotion regulation that have repeatedly been related to NSSI and identify the core components across them. We then draw on social cognitive theory to unite models of cognition and models of emotion in developing a new cognitive-emotional model of NSSI. Our model articulates how emotion regulation and cognition can work in concert to govern NSSI, and offers several new research questions that can be addressed within this framework.
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Dawkins, J.; Hasking, Penelope; Boyes, Mark; Greene, D.; Passchier, C. (2018)The recently proposed cognitive-emotional model of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) draws on emotion regulation models and social cognitive theory to understand the onset, maintenance, and cessation of NSSI. We tested the ...
Hasking, Penelope; Boyes, M. (2017)Background: Models of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) typically focus on the role of emotion regulation in NSSI, yet recent work supports a role for NSSI-related cognitions. NSSI outcome expectancies may offer important ...
Change in emotion regulation strategy use and its impact on adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: A three-year longitudinal analysis using latent growth modellingVoon, D.; Hasking, Penelope; Martin, G. (2014)This longitudinal study examines the extent to which changes in the use of cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and rumination impact on frequency, duration, and medical severity of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) ...