Applying a cognitive-emotional model to nonsuicidal self-injury
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The recently proposed cognitive-emotional model of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) draws on emotion regulation models and social cognitive theory to understand the onset, maintenance, and cessation of NSSI. We tested the prediction of the model that the relationship between emotional reactivity and NSSI is moderated by specific cognitions about self-injury (i.e., self-efficacy to resist NSSI, NSSI outcome expectancies), emotion regulation, and rumination. A sample of 647 university students aged 17–25 years (M = 19.92, SD = 1.78) completed self-report measures of the constructs of interest. As expected, we found that emotional reactivity was positively related to NSSI, particularly for people who had weak self-efficacy to resist NSSI. However, emotional reactivity was negatively related to NSSI for people who were more likely to use expressive suppression to regulate emotion. Implications for the theoretical understanding of NSSI are discussed.
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Hasking, Penelope; Boyes, M. (2017)Background: Models of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) typically focus on the role of emotion regulation in NSSI, yet recent work supports a role for NSSI-related cognitions. NSSI outcome expectancies may offer important ...
A cognitive-emotional model of NSSI: using emotion regulation and cognitive processes to explain why people self-injureHasking, Penelope; Whitlock, J.; Voon, D.; Rose, A. (2016)Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behaviour, routinely engaged for emotion regulatory purposes. As such, a number of theoretical accounts regarding the aetiology and maintenance of NSSI are grounded in models ...
Change in Emotion Regulation Strategy Use and Its Impact on Adolescent Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: A Three-Year Longitudinal Analysis Using Latent Growth ModelingVoon, D.; Hasking, Penelope; Martin, G. (2014)This longitudinal study examines the extent to which changes in the use of cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and rumination impact on frequency, duration, and medical severity of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) ...