Reduction in tumour cell invasion by pigment epithelium-derived factor is mediated by membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase downregulation
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Prostate cancer and breast cancer are major killers among males and females respectively. In this study, pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) was examined for its effect on commonly used human prostate cancer and human breast cancer cell lines. PEDF increased adhesion of cells to collagen-I, with decreased expression of phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (p-Fak) consistent between the two cell types. Invasion of both tumour cell types through collagen-I was also reduced by PEDF, with decreased expression of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). These results were confirmed with specific antibodies to MT-MMP1. This study provides some vital clues as to which molecular players are perturbed by PEDF treatment of human prostate and breast cancer cells, raising hope that PEDF can in future be trialled against these major cancers in attempts to procure safer yet effective therapies for cancer.
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Cell and Molecular Biology Underpinning the Effects of PEDF on Cancers in General and Osteosarcoma in ParticularChandolu, V.; Dass, Crispin (2012)Cancer is becoming an increasingly common disease in which abnormal cells aggressively grow, invade, and metastasize. In this paper, we review the biological functions of PEDF (pigmented epithelium-derived factor) against ...
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Pigment epithelium-derived factor upregulates collagen I and downregulates matrix metalloproteinase 2 in osteosarcoma cells, and colocalises to collagen I and heat shock protein 47 in fetal and adult boneAlcantara, M.; Nemazannikova, N.; Elahy, M.; Dass, Crispin (2014)Objective: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has proven anti-osteosarcoma activity. However, the mechanism(s) underpinning its ability to reduce primary bone tumour (osteosarcoma) metastasis is unknown. Methods: ...