The prevention of depressive symptoms in rural Australian women
MetadataShow full item record
Two interventions aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in women living in Western Australian rural communities were evaluated against a no-intervention control condition. The standard intervention was based upon traditional cognitive-behaviour treatments for depression; the experimental intervention was based upon prevention strategies derived from the learned helplessness model of depression (e.g. Peterson, Maier, & Seligman, 1993). Seventy-six women were randomly assigned to either the standard or the experimental group, and a further 20 women formed a no-intervention control group. The standard group showed a reduction in depressive symptoms at post-test, but no effects at 6-week or 6-month follow-ups. In contrast, a reduction in depressive symptoms did not appear for the experimental group until the 6-week follow-up at which time a less depressive attributional style was also evident; these effects were even more pronounced at the 6-month follow-up. The no-intervention control group showed no changes across time. It is argued that these results support the applicability of prevention strategies based on the learned helplessness model to this population.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Ratna, Josephine; Roberts, Clare; Kane, Robert; Rees, Clare (2013)Mothers play a significant role in building healthy generations. It is important to ensure that mothers have high levels of resilience and optimism, a positive attribution style to protect them from risks leading to ...
Frequently bullied students: outcomes of a universal school-based bullying preventive intervention on peer victimisation and psychological healthPintabona, Yolanda Christine (2006)Bullying occurs to some extent in all schools. Study 1 investigated and screened for frequently bullied students in a randomly selected and stratified sample of Year 4 students in 29 primary schools using multiple informants ...
Depressive symptoms and adverse outcomes from hospitalization in older adults: secondary outcomes of a trial of falls prevention educationHaines, T.; Williams, C.; Hill, A.; McPhail, S.; Hill, Keith; Brauer, S.; Hoffmann, T.; Etherton-Beer, C. (2015)Depression is common in older people and symptoms of depression are known to substantially increase during hospitalization. There is little known about predictors of depressive symptoms in older adults or impact of common ...