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dc.contributor.authorRoiniotis, J.
dc.contributor.authorDinh, H.
dc.contributor.authorMasendycz, P.
dc.contributor.authorTurner, A.
dc.contributor.authorElsegood, Caryn
dc.contributor.authorScholz, G.
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, J.
dc.identifier.citationRoiniotis, J. and Dinh, H. and Masendycz, P. and Turner, A. and Elsegood, C. and Scholz, G. and Hamilton, J. 2009. Hypoxia prolongs monocyte/macrophage survival and enhanced glycolysis is associated with their maturation under aerobic conditions. Journal of Immunology. 182 (12): pp. 7974-7981.

In chronic inflammatory lesions macrophages are abundant and adapt to the low oxygen concentrations often present there. In low oxygen some cell types die by apoptosis, as reported for macrophage cell lines, while others survive better as they shift their metabolism to anaerobic glycolysis. It was found here that hypoxia prolongs the survival of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages, either in the absence or presence of low CSF-1 (M-CSF) concentrations. Although Akt activity increased in bone marrow-derived macrophages in the low oxygen conditions, the levels of both anti- and proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members decreased. Glycolysis was enhanced as judged by increased glucose uptake, glucose transporter expression, lactate dehydrogenase mRNA expression, and lactate secretion. Human monocytes responded similarly to low oxygen, and a number of genes associated with glycolysis were shown by microarray analysis and quantitative PCR to be up-regulated. Interestingly, human monocytederived macrophages showed evidence of enhanced glycolysis even under aerobic conditions. It is proposed that certain monocyte/macrophage populations survive better under conditions of low oxygen, thereby contributing to their increased numbers at sites of chronic inflammation and tumors; it is also proposed that as macrophages differentiate from monocytes they begin to adopt a glycolytic metabolism allowing them to adapt readily when exposed to low oxygen conditions. Copyright © 2009 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

dc.publisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
dc.titleHypoxia prolongs monocyte/macrophage survival and enhanced glycolysis is associated with their maturation under aerobic conditions
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleJournal of Immunology
curtin.departmentSchool of Biomedical Sciences
curtin.accessStatusOpen access via publisher

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