A Preliminary Application of Social Cognitive Theory to Nonsuicidal Self-Injury
MetadataShow full item record
Researchers have established a relationship between exposure to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), and increased probability of engaging in the behavior, but few have endeavored to explain the mechanisms underlying the relationship. We drew on Social Cognitive Theory to argue that core cognitions, including NSSI outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies, moderate this relationship. We also explored whether knowledge about NSSI and attitudes toward the behavior played a role in this relationship. A sample of 389 university students (73.1 % female, M age = 20.90, SD = 2.36), completed online questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Our findings support the application of Social Cognitive Theory to better understanding NSSI, with clear links between expectancies, self-efficacy and NSSI. Further, these cognitions moderated a number of exposure-NSSI relationships. Implications of these findings for theory, research and intervention are discussed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dawkins, J.; Hasking, Penelope; Boyes, Mark; Greene, D.; Passchier, C. (2018)© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The recently proposed cognitive-emotional model of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) draws on emotion regulation models and social cognitive theory to understand the onset, maintenance, and ...
Emotional cascade theory and non-suicidal self-injury: the importance of imagery and positive affectHasking, Penelope; Di Simplicio, M.; McEvoy, Peter; Rees, Clare (2017)Grounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and frequency of ...
Shame and Non-suicidal Self-injury: Conceptualization and Preliminary Test of a Novel Developmental Model among Emerging AdultsMahtani, S.; Hasking, Penelope; Melvin, G. (2018)© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is particularly prevalent during adolescence and emerging adulthood. The salience of shame during these developmental ...