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dc.contributor.authorWilleit, P.
dc.contributor.authorThompson, S.
dc.contributor.authorAgewall, S.
dc.contributor.authorBergström, G.
dc.contributor.authorBickel, H.
dc.contributor.authorCatapano, A.
dc.contributor.authorChien, K.
dc.contributor.authorDe Groot, E.
dc.contributor.authorEmpana, J.
dc.contributor.authorEtgen, T.
dc.contributor.authorFranco, O.
dc.contributor.authorIglseder, B.
dc.contributor.authorJohnsen, S.
dc.contributor.authorKavousi, M.
dc.contributor.authorLind, L.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, J.
dc.contributor.authorMathiesen, E.
dc.contributor.authorNorata, Giuseppe
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, M.
dc.contributor.authorPapagianni, A.
dc.contributor.authorPoppert, H.
dc.contributor.authorPrice, J.
dc.contributor.authorSacco, R.
dc.contributor.authorYanez, D.
dc.contributor.authorZhao, D.
dc.contributor.authorSchminke, U.
dc.contributor.authorBülbül, A.
dc.contributor.authorPolak, J.
dc.contributor.authorSitzer, M.
dc.contributor.authorHofman, A.
dc.contributor.authorGrigore, L.
dc.contributor.authorDörr, M.
dc.contributor.authorSu, T.
dc.contributor.authorDucimetière, P.
dc.contributor.authorXie, W.
dc.contributor.authorRonkainen, K.
dc.contributor.authorKiechl, S.
dc.contributor.authorRundek, T.
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, C.
dc.contributor.authorFagerberg, B.
dc.contributor.authorBokemark, L.
dc.contributor.authorSteinmetz, H.
dc.contributor.authorIkram, M.
dc.contributor.authorVölzke, H.
dc.contributor.authorLin, H.
dc.contributor.authorPlichart, M.
dc.contributor.authorTuomainen, T.
dc.contributor.authorDesvarieux, M.
dc.contributor.authorMcLachlan, S.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, C.
dc.contributor.authorKauhanen, J.
dc.contributor.authorWilleit, J.
dc.contributor.authorLorenz, M.
dc.contributor.authorSander, D.
dc.identifier.citationWilleit, P. and Thompson, S. and Agewall, S. and Bergström, G. and Bickel, H. and Catapano, A. and Chien, K. et al. 2016. Inflammatory markers and extent and progression of early atherosclerosis: Meta-analysis of individual-participant-data from 20 prospective studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 23 (2): pp. 194-205.

© 2014 European Society of Cardiology. Background Large-scale epidemiological evidence on the role of inflammation in early atherosclerosis, assessed by carotid ultrasound, is lacking. We aimed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of inflammatory markers with common-carotid-artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) in the general population. Methods Information on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, leucocyte count and CCA-IMT was available in 20 prospective cohort studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration involving 49,097 participants free of pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Estimates of associations were calculated within each study and then combined using random-effects meta-analyses. Results Mean baseline CCA-IMT amounted to 0.74 mm (SD = 0.18) and mean CCA-IMT progression over a mean of 3.9 years to 0.011 mm/year (SD = 0.039). Cross-sectional analyses showed positive linear associations between inflammatory markers and baseline CCA-IMT. After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, mean differences in baseline CCA-IMT per one-SD higher inflammatory marker were: 0.0082 mm for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p < 0.001); 0.0072 mm for fibrinogen (p < 0.001); and 0.0025 mm for leucocyte count (p = 0.033). 'Inflammatory load', defined as the number of elevated inflammatory markers (i.e. in upper two quintiles), showed a positive linear association with baseline CCA-IMT (p < 0.001). Longitudinal associations of baseline inflammatory markers and changes therein with CCA-IMT progression were null or at most weak. Participants with the highest 'inflammatory load' had a greater CCA-IMT progression (p = 0.015). Conclusion Inflammation was independently associated with CCA-IMT cross-sectionally. The lack of clear associations with CCA-IMT progression may be explained by imprecision in its assessment within a limited time period. Our findings for 'inflammatory load' suggest important combined effects of the three inflammatory markers on early atherosclerosis.

dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.titleInflammatory markers and extent and progression of early atherosclerosis: Meta-analysis of individual-participant-data from 20 prospective studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
curtin.departmentSchool of Biomedical Sciences
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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