Research on a Composite Voltage and Current Measurement Device for HVDC Networks
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With the global trend to develop digital substation automation systems, measurement devices are required to be reliable, of small size and light weight and of acceptable accuracy in a wide frequency band. This article presents a combined high voltage direct current measurement method which comprises the above-mentioned features that makes it suitable for smart grids protection and control applications. The proposed measurement method utilizes Hall sensor array for dc current measurement. DC voltage is measured using a voltage divider circuit while the harmonic currents are measured using a square Rogowski coil made of four straight bars along with a high precision digital integration algorithm. A four-spectral line interpolation fast Fourier transform algorithm based on trapezoidal convolution window is proposed to improve the extraction accuracy of the dc and harmonic components from the measured signal. Experimental results show that the error variation of the proposed method is less than 0.098% for voltage measurement while it is less than 0.104% for current measurement. The harmonic measurement ratio error is less than 0.2% and the angle error is less than 8'.
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