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dc.contributor.authorMoghtaderi, B.
dc.contributor.authorZanganeh, J.
dc.contributor.authorShah, K.
dc.contributor.authorWu, Hongwei
dc.identifier.citationMoghtaderi, B. and Zanganeh, J. and Shah, K. and Wu, H. 2012. Application of Concrete and Demolition Waste as CO2 Sorbent in Chemical Looping Gasification of Biomass. Energy & Fuels. 26 (4): pp. 2046-2057.

This paper summarizes the results of an experimental investigation into sorbent chemical looping gasification (SCLG) of biomass for the production of high-purity hydrogen and in situ capture of the resulting CO2. The key innovation was the use of concrete and demolition waste (CDW) as the source of CO2 sorbent. A comprehensive series of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) experiments was carried out over a range of temperatures between 650 and 900 °C and pressures up to 20 atm to benchmark the CO2 capture efficiency of CDW against conventional lime-based sorbents [e.g., calcined limestone (CL) and hydrated Portland cement (HPC)]. Effects of controlling parameters, such as the Ca/C ratio, steam/carbon (S/C) ratio, steam partial pressure, and total pressure, on the gas yield, gas composition, and CO2 capture efficiency were thoroughly examined. Experimental results confirmed that CO2 capture efficiencies as high as 56.4% and high-grade hydrogen production can be achieved when CDW is used as a sorbent. These results combined with the high mechanical strength, durability, and low cost make CDW an attractive sorbent for chemical looping gasification of carbonaceous solid fuels, particularly biomass.

dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society
dc.titleApplication of Concrete and Demolition Waste as CO2 Sorbent in Chemical Looping Gasification of Biomass
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleEnergy & Fuels
curtin.departmentDepartment of Chemical Engineering
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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